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1906 and 1908 Appropriations Acts

The Congressional Acts of 1906 (34 Stat. 383) and 1908 (35 Stat. 70-76) were appropriation acts that provided money to purchase land for residential and agricultural use for homeless Indians of no specific tribal affiliation. Often these were small family groups or totally unrelated racially mixed Indian families thrown together on one piece of land. It is important to note here, that the process for taking land into trust did not develop until the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. There is a specific process governed by regulation to change the status of fee land into trust land. Indians that shared a common residence of a federal area were permitted to organize under the terms and conditions of the Act. However the Congressional Act of June 18, 1934 only allowed federally recognized Indian tribes or descendents of federally recognized Indian tribes residing on Reservations to reorganize. The differences in the development of reservations and rancherias raises questions regarding land status for gaming under IGRA.

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